The possibility of using an electric charge is the result of a millennial human study of nature. What a lightning bolt was, a man began to think almost from the beginning of his existence, but the real nature of electricity was only understood by him in the 18th century. Perhaps this moment has become a real turning point for civilization: little by little he developed and improved his knowledge of electric charge and found it literally in all areas of his life. Today we all use electric lighting, smartphones, computers and even electric cars to meet everyday needs. However, according to an article published on phys.org, Northeastern University physicists have found a new way to manipulate electrical charge. According to the authors of the new theory, the consequences of their discovery can have grandiose consequences for all of humanity.
New condition recognized
A person's ability to move, use, and store electrons is key to the vast majority of modern technologies, whether we're trying to collect solar energy or playing the console. The new property of electricity, which was first described in an article in the journal Nanoscale, can change our idea of science: If electrons are forced to distribute evenly in a stationary crystalline structure, we can obtain a state of matter that is still unknown to physics is.
Swastik Kar, an assistant professor of physics at Northeastern University, is confident that his discovery will change the usual methods of signal detection and transmission, modernize modern methods of storing information, and offer humanity opportunities that they cannot even imagine.
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An unusual phenomenon was observed at the time when the researchers carried out a series of necessary experiments with crystalline materials with a thickness of several atoms, which are known to science as two-dimensional materials. These materials consist of a repeating pattern of atoms and are so thin that the electrons in them can only move in two dimensions. Bismuth selenide and transition metal dichalcogenide interacted with each other at the quantum level and acted as "experimental" materials that lay on top of each other like sheets of paper. Electrons from the layers obtained formed a motionless pattern and formed an ideal arrangement of a substance unknown to science.
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When the resulting pattern showed a third layer that could not have come from either of the other two, the researchers attributed the observed phenomenon to an error that could occur during the experiment. However, further experiments led the scientists to similar results: the electrons united in a certain structure and formed a kind of "puddle" – a new state of matter, the only source of which could be the presence of a potential hole, which is spontaneous due to a combination of quantum mechanical and physical Factors was generated.
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The electrons create a completely new pattern and change the direction of movement without going beyond the electronic “puddle”. While understanding this phenomenon is still in its infancy, it can have a tremendous impact on the future of electronics, sensors, and information processing systems. Due to the fact that unique processes can also take place at room temperature, the use of new technologies can have a significant impact on our everyday phenomenon, which affects the speed of satellites, the communication and all the equipment we need.