Organ transplantation from the body of healthy people to the body of critically ill patients is one of the most difficult surgical procedures today. In addition, this method of treatment saves the lives of hundreds of people every year, but there are always not enough organs suitable for a transplant. Even if surgeons manage to find functioning bone marrow, liver, lungs, and kidneys, they will be rejected over time due to various complications. According to the U.S. Department of Health, up to 9,000 organ transplant patients fall out of line each year. However, according to the results of a study carried out by scientists from the US state of Maryland, many of the organs rejected by doctors are still suitable. When surgeons revise the selection criteria, many people may get the necessary organ and live a full life.
The results of the study were published in a scientific publication called JAMA Network Open. According to scientists, American surgeons throw out hundreds of kidneys every year, although they could take root in other people's bodies. And the thing is that the organs prepared for the transplant are often diagnosed with "acute kidney damage", which is why, according to doctors, the organ may not be able to take root in recipient organisms.
Recipients are people who need to transplant healthy tissues and organs.
Which organs can be transferred to humans?
Today surgeons can transplant people with many organs, from hair to heart. However, human kidneys can fail several hours before surgery due to an increase in nitrogen compounds and an imbalance in the fluid balance. After many doctors have discovered such problems, they believe that the organ may not have roots in the new body and throw it away, which deprives patients of hope for a cure and a healthy life in the future. However, damaged kidneys are likely to recover and function well.
Do you know how long transplant organs can be outside the body?
In a small study, scientists found out that damaged kidneys can take root as well as healthy ones. They examined organ transplant data from 13,444 deaths in organisms from 25,323 patients with severe kidney failure between 2010 and 2013. It was found that out of these 25,323 people, approximately 12,810 patients received kidneys with obvious injuries, and 12,513 acquired completely healthy organs. It turned out that in most cases supposedly unsuitable organs functioned both in the bodies of the recipient and in those of the healthy. No serious problems were observed in the patients for four to six years after the operation.
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According to researchers, between 2010 and 2013, at least 8,000 people missed the opportunity to get healthy kidneys due to the removal of organs that may be suitable for a transplant. In this context, the scientists asked the surgeons to review their selection criteria. In particular, the doctor of medical science Chirag Parih advised them to be bolder during the operations, as they definitely have the opportunity to maintain people's health. By throwing away organs, they seem to throw human lives in the urn.