Red planet, watch out. China has officially joined Ilon Mask, Jeff Bezos and NASA. It is possible that the Chinese Space Agency's statement about plans to send a human to Mars is due to the Heavenly Kingdom's desire to create a base on the Moon. From the perspective of many experts, the moon looks like a springboard for space flights. In addition, the development of the satellite of our planet China will confirm as space power.
China is preparing for manned lunar missions, including the creation of a manned scientific outpost. This was reported by leading national aerospace company China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. Company officials said the ultimate goal of China's moon expedition was to lay the scientific and technical foundations for manned flights to Mars. China's next step will be a manned exploration of the moon. The country intends to lay the foundations for scientific research on the Moon, to broaden humanity's living space, and to gather experience and knowledge for expeditions into outer space beyond the Moon. The long-term goal is to send people to Mars.
This is the first time in history that China has publicly presented a plan for manned flights to the Red Planet. Pan Zhihao, a space explorer in Beijing, told China Daily it was very important for humanity to reach Mars. Some Chinese scientists intended to perform a manned mission to Mars by 2050. According to researchers, sending astronauts to Mars offers more opportunities to search for traces of life on the Red Planet. In our solar system, Mars is most similar to Earth, so studying the possibility of living there will enable a better understanding of the origin and evolution of life on our home planet.
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I note that some scientists believe that Mars was very similar to the Earth billions of years ago in terms of the environment. Not so long ago, evidence was found of the existence of an ancient oasis on the Red Planet, allowing manned missions to do extensive research. It is possible that the research results can predict the future of the earth. In fact, astronauts who find traces of water on Mars in existing unmanned missions should be sent there and even outposts set up to allow for the possibility of large-scale interplanetary immigration in the event of a catastrophic unforeseen situation on Earth, such as a collision with an asteroid investigate. And possibly problems caused by climate change. I can only say that China's plans are pretty realistic at the moment – at least there is no question of a colonization of Mars, which is a big question, by the way. At least not yet.
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Will people be able to live on Mars?
As American engineer and television presenter Bill Nye once said, there is nothing to breathe on Mars. And this is the smallest of the problems that future colonists will face. Scientists and engineers must overcome many difficulties to send a manned mission to Mars. First, Mars is very far from Earth – the nearest distance is 55 million kilometers. This means that a round trip takes more than 500 days. Second, the launch of a manned rocket along the Earth-Mars trajectory requires the missile to fly at very high speed. Also, do not forget the cosmic rays. Recent studies have found that radiation negatively affects the brain, and in the event of a prolonged stay in space, even in a state of suspended animation, the first colonizers on Mars risk not landing as smartly as before.
Other factors that should be considered include communication disruption between the Mars-Earth-related spacecraft, the health of the energy sources supporting Mars operations, and the health risks of astronauts caused by prolonged stays on another planet. A decrease in the bones, cosmic rays, and psychic states of the astronauts will pose a threat to the entire mission. Scientists need to develop a reliable bioregenerative life support system. And yet today we have to admit that existing technologies are not good enough for a manned mission to Mars.
Do you think we can ever get to Mars, or will the Red Planet remain a loud statement to billionaires and national space agencies? Share your thoughts in the comments and with the participants of our telegram chat.
But before we draw conclusions, we wait for the results of the joint work of NASA and SpaceX. Ultimately, the best solution to the problems associated with the manned mission on the Red Planet will be the decision of scientists around the world to stand for the common purpose and not for the interests of individual states and their interchangeable states or, as in the case of China, to unite for constant leaders.