Scientists are not able to find and discover a new kind of person every day. According to livescience.com, such an event occurred in 2004 in the Liang Bois Cave on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Archaeologists explored the cave where they discovered fossil remains in Liang Bois for about 18,000 years. The miniature size of the skull and other bones helped characterize what exactly this unique type of person was – Homo floresiensis.
The hobbits really existed
For the first time archaeologists have discovered Homo floresiensis along with their stone tools and the remains of other animals. The first example of the "hobbits" was a 30-year-old adult woman, 1.06 meters tall. Despite her decent age, she managed to keep the skull and skeleton of the body, which included several bones of the limbs, hands, and pelvis, intact. Scientists have studied their discovery for 15 years to conclude that the heyday of Homo floresiensis on the island was 60,000 to 90,000 years ago.
See also: Our DNA hides traces of unexplored human species.
But the discoveries of scientists did not end there. In 2019, anthropologists in the Philippines found a new human species – Homo Luzonensis. They managed to find 13 specimens of small bones and teeth that are completely different from the species traits of the remains of ancient humans already discovered.
Why are hobbits short?
Zoologens suggest that the main reason for the slow growth of the ancient human species Homo floresiensis and Homo Luzonensis could be the influence of their inhabited island. Scientists therefore noted a tendency to scale down when a large species settles on a small island. An illustrative example is the remains of a dog-sized dwarf found on Crete, as large as a cow in the Caribbean and hippos weighing a donkey in Cyprus.
Researchers believe that the growth of an elderly person could be severely affected by the frequent increase of offspring, as there is no natural predator threat on the island. In other words, the females of the Floresian gave birth to children smaller than other types of the old man, albeit much more often.
Over the course of several millennia, scientists have discovered that over the course of millennia, evolution could transform large human species into the size of a hobbit under the influence of many conditions. Research has shown that evolution is only 10,000 years old enough to transform the large body of Homo erectus into small species, Homo floresiensis and Homo Luzonensis.
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This study proves that rapid evolution and natural selection are likely in many environments and can be a powerful force that can even alter the body structure.