In 2069, the world celebrates the centenary of its first moon landing. But how will our world be in 50 years? Leaving aside the pessimistic predictions of scientists, we can imagine the amazing future of humanity – the continuation of the era of space exploration. Already, specialists are planning to create a base on the moon, the potential extraction of minerals and even water on the lunar surface, which can be converted into rocket fuel. The most interesting thing, however, is that the moon can be the starting point for future space flights. But where are we going?
The moon is the way to distant worlds
Let's start with the question of why man's return to the moon is on the agenda. Such trips seem quite expensive, and it is not clear what to do there, as the moon does not provide the best conditions for a pleasant pastime. Perhaps the fact that the moon is a great place to launch missions into space. Ultimately, it is important that the hardest part of any spaceflight is launching a rocket from Earth's gravity.
Alex Elerie, assistant professor of space robotics and space technology at Carleton University in Canada, spoke in an interview with The Conversation about ways to use the moon's light gravity. One possibility – the construction of a new space station that revolves around an Earth satellite – are projects that have just been planned by NASA, Roscosmos and other international space companies. Another possibility is to build a base on the surface of the moon by using lunar resources. This is an ambitious road that could eventually become safer and more sustainable. Read more about space exploration on our channel in Yandex.Zen.
In fact, the moon has many useful things: aluminum, titanium, silicon, ceramics, reagents, etc. that can be used to build a complete infrastructure using robotics. Today, many experts believe that the true value of exploring the moon lies in its use as a springboard to Mars.
But not only that. The most courageous assumptions relate to future journeys to the moons of Jupiter and Saturn – the moons that can hide life within. However, do not forget that Europe or Enceladus are ice worlds and that life is most likely there in the form of microorganisms deep below the surface of the moons.
Will we be able to leave the earth?
When it comes to finding life elsewhere in the solar system, there is concern that humans (and human-made robots) can pollute foreign ecosystems. At the same time, futurologists and some scientists, including British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking, warn that space exploration is a necessary component of human survival. The high cost of space flights, however, discourage many investors. From an economic point of view, space may not be the most profitable way to save humanity. Many people are investing in combating climate change and pollution, while space development can be both a substitute and a great supplement to Earth work. One of the best ways to monitor the environment is space.
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One of the main topics today is man's flight to the Red Planet. Some experts predict that this will happen in the next 30 or 100 years. Going beyond our solar system to exoplanets will be much more difficult, but this is the next step. Some experts, such as Frederic Marin, an astrophysicist at the University of Strasbourg in France, are working on a giant spaceship that will support the lives of generations to come. Nowadays, no one can say exactly whether this is possible from a biological point of view, from a physical point of view, from a chemical point of view, from the point of view of food production and energy production, from the point of view of artificial gravity. However, we will find out if we do not try. Do you agree