What do we know about the satellites of Uranus?


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Uranus is the most mysterious and unknown planet in the solar system. When the Voyager 2 space station transferred images of this giant ice to Earth in 1986, the scientists called the blue planet "blank" because there are no bright bands on Uranus, such as Jupiter, and no distinctive rings, such as on Saturn. and in terms of temperature, Uranus is even colder than Neptune, which is farther from the Sun. Despite its "inconspicuousness," Uranus has over 27 satellites, some of which really deserve our attention.

Uranus – the third largest planet in the solar system

What do the satellites of Uranus look like?

Despite the fact that Uranus has its own suite of 27 satellites, only 5 of them can be considered as full-fledged spherical moons. Thus, the largest satellite of the planet can be regarded as Titania, whose diameter is 1578 kilometers; Second is Oberon, named after one of William Shakespeare's characters, third to Umbriel's satellite, then companions Ariel and Miranda. Incidentally, the last satellite is considered the ugliest moon in the solar system. The fact is that, according to scientific findings, this small Uranus satellite has once suffered a major catastrophe that has led to its complete destruction. After some time, Miranda managed to "stick together" in an incomprehensible way, which is why the surface of the satellite today is an icy desert, which is littered with shapeless projections and on which rises a geological formation called Verona.

The surface of Miranda and the promontory of Verona tower over it

Interesting Fact: All satellites of Uranus got their name thanks to the figures from the works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.

The Uranus Titan satellite is the first spherical object discovered near Uranus, discovered in 1787 by the famous astronomer William Herschel. The surface of this satellite is literally completely littered with a system of huge faults and cliffs that reach a depth of 5 kilometers. The largest and deepest canyon in Titania is the Messina Canyon, which stretches from the equator of this ice fund to the south pole of the satellite.

See also: Scientists first measured the temperature of the uranium rings

One of the first images of Titania that Earthlings got thanks to Voyager 2

Oberon, named after the main character from the work "A Midsummer Night's Dream" by William Shakespeare, is the most distant satellite of Uranus, the development of which remains virtually untouched by the magnetosphere of the Giant Ice. In addition, Oberon was recognized as the reddest satellite in the Uranus system due to the presence of a large amount of dark red material of unknown origin on its surface.

Oberon – the reddest satellite of Uranus

Half Ice and Half Stone Ariel is one of the smallest spherical satellites in the solar system. Its surface has a complex relief consisting of deep ravines, cliffs and valleys with signs of geological activity. It is believed to be rescued only by the strong tidal influence of Uranus before the complete geological death, which tightens the bowels of its ice-moon, due to the relatively close position of the satellite to its neighbor.

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Ariel's neighbor Umbriel is officially recognized as the darkest satellite of Uranus, with only 16% of its reflectivity extremely low. It is believed that Umbriel is one of the most crater-rich satellites in the Uranus system and that the size of some of the largest craters on this moon reaches a diameter of 200 kilometers. It is known that Umbriel was not visited by interplanetary probes in 1986, with the exception of Voyager 2, which was mentioned earlier. Further expeditions into this truly lost world are not yet planned.