It seems that everything we know about the universe can be fundamentally wrong. According to a new study, our universe can take the form of a huge loop that violates all the laws of physics in the way we know it. According to livescience.com, this conclusion was drawn by astronomers studying cosmic microwave background data, which is essentially a faint echo of the Big Bang.
What does the universe look like?
Humanity's opinion of what exactly our universe is is constantly changing over time. An old person was so sure that the world around us is a great creature. Representatives of one of the Siberian tribes sincerely believed that the world is a giant stag, and all the people, animals and birds that live on it are just fleas. Those peoples, whose level of development was slightly higher than the worldview of the Siberian peoples, represented the universe in the form of a fallen shell that surrounded the earth from all sides. About two thousand years ago, the brightest proponents of ancient scientific thought, Pythagoras and Aristotle, established the theory of geocentrism according to which our planet was a kind of center of the universe. Around the globe sun and moon, countless stars were fixed on crystal balls and symbolized the universe of antiquity.
Two thousand years after the advent of Earth theory as the center of the universe, scientists came to the conclusion that our universe is really limited by certain frames and not at all infinite. Our Universe is curved, bends smoothly and without disturbing the movement of objects in it.
However, if someday you want to cross the universe with a superluminal spaceship, you are most likely returning to the point where you began your movement, even if you are moving in an absolutely perfectly straight line.
See also: Is it true that the universe is 99% empty?
Cosmologists call the idea of a curved universe "the theory of a closed universe." The evidence that our universe actually has a closed form, according to the authors of a study conducted within the walls of the University of Manchester, may be hidden in the speed of light photon movement in an expanding universe. While science has long been shaped by the theory of the so-called "open universe," in which our universe seemed like a flat sheet of paper, physicists from the UK showed that photons from a flat universe moved parallel and independently of each other's courses never interact with each other. And so it would be if there were no strange anomaly compelling us to completely rethink the "open" theory of the shape of the universe.
The only reliable witness to the Big Bang is officially considered microwave waves that fill the entire space between stars and galaxies. According to recent data, gravity is able to bend microwaves more than modern physics can explain. The latest calculations by members of the British research group show that the data on the gravitational curvature actually point to the possibility of the existence of a closed universe, which raises a series of new questions.
The possibility of the existence of a universe of this kind can therefore lead to our universe taking the form of a loop, which in many ways simply makes generally accepted theories about the evolution of space wrong. Incidentally, even the famous inflation model, after which the universe expands rapidly after the Big Bang, can be added to the list of such misconceptions.
Well, it seems that the fate of the universe depends on a few calculations scientists want to make in the near future. If so, then a real revolution in the field of evolutionary evolution of the universe could soon be waiting for science. As researchers determine the shape of space, you can subscribe to our channels in Telegram and Yandex.Zen, where you can find more useful information from various areas of science.