Today we actively explore distant planets and even intend to settle on them. And all this despite the fact that we have not fully studied our native soil yet. Archaeologists from all over the world are constantly digging out the ruins of ancient cities – for example, the oldest settlement in the world, Chatal-Hyuk, has been under investigation for more than 50 years. Sometimes finding old cities completely changes our understanding of modern countries. Scientists recently took a new look at the history of Israel because the ruins of a huge city were found on its territory. It turned out that large Israeli cities had been built long ago and their inhabitants could build huge buildings.
For the first time, the ancient Israeli city of En Esur became known in the 1960s. At this time, archaeologists were not particularly interested in the place, but a few years ago, the construction of the highway began on the territory of an ancient sight. At this point, archaeologists discovered the ruins of ancient structures and have now exposed more than 40,000 square meters of the settlement. Researchers believe that they have found only 10% of the area of the once-existing city, so that everything interesting will come yet.
The oldest city in Israel
According to scientists, the first humans appeared about 7000 years ago in this place. Already at this time, the first public buildings were erected in the study area, ie the settlement already took urban planning outlines. Then, for unknown reasons, the population of En Esur suddenly began to grow after some time. In the end, the area of the city was about 650,000 square meters, which allowed it to accommodate about 6,000 people in it.
Incidentally, a few years ago, the remains of an ancient settlement were found in the middle of Israel
According to excavator Yitzhak Pats, the city was a network of streets and squares. The streets were paved with stones and the walls of the buildings were plastered. Around the huge settlement was built a two-meter-high wall with towers, in which the military sat and defended the city from enemies.
Old buildings of Israel
Incidentally, the enemies could already see the city from afar, because it contained a huge building 25 meters high at that time. According to scientists, this building had a religious purpose – inside were human figures and animal bones. From time to time, priests have probably made sacrifices to God in the form of all kinds of sentient beings. In those days, in principle, this was a widespread event.
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Archaeologists also found many warehouses that stored grain and other food. On this basis, they suggested that many residents of the city of Es Esur work in agriculture. It also follows that the huge city was the center of various craft and commercial businesses. And that, as the researchers emphasized, is one of the main features that distinguishes the city from a rural settlement.
Archaeologists were also surprised that many buildings were built from stone blocks weighing up to 15 tons. Given that there are no rocks near the city, archaeologists have suggested that builders must carry heavy construction materials several kilometers away.
Finally, on the subject of archeology, I recommend reading the box of witchcraft items discovered in Pompeii. These include mirrors, amulets, and human figures – what did you think they were meant for?