Humankind mercilessly pollutes the air and drops thousands of trees. Ultimately, this causes our planet to gradually die. To check this, just read the reports from scientists about the state of the environment. In 2019, employees at Kew Royal Botanic Gardens (London) announced that more than 500 plant species have been wiped from the ground and this number is gradually increasing. Now scientists are saying that in 50 years the Amazon rainforests can disappear from our planet. The animals living in them can die with them, because instead of the tropical forest the dry desert is preserved.
A disappointing forecast was published in the journal Nature Communications. According to scientists, the causes of the disappearance of the Amazon rainforests will be global warming and damage to the environment by humans. According to the United Nations, our air temperature has risen by up to 1.5 degrees Celsius since human mass transition from manual to machine work. Since we still haven't switched to electric transportation and the air is still polluted by greenhouse gases, the air continues to heat up.
How are forests destroyed?
The largest rainforest is believed to be located in the Amazon area. According to scientists, the forest occupies 5.5 million square meters and affects the territory of nine states. The once blooming forest full of plants and animals began to die around 1970. It is believed that around 20% of the vast rainforest was destroyed in those days. And the thing is, people cut down trees to produce wood, palm oil, and wild animals.
See also: Why are forests so important for our planet?
Humanity is not only destroying forests directly, but also indirectly. We have already mentioned that the air temperature on our planet is gradually increasing, which often causes forest fires. In this regard, 2019 was particularly strong when fire swept the forests of Siberia and Australia and also affected the tropical forests of the Amazon. So people have to be prepared for the occurrence of fire in the forest to prevent it from spreading.
Who is found in the Amazon?
If the Amazon forests are actually destroyed after 50 years, many animals can lose their natural habitats. For example, capybaras, considered the largest rodents that weigh up to 70 kilograms, can disappear from the face of our planet. However, they can sometimes be found on the territory of South America, yet most of these rodents prefer the warm and humid environment of the Amazon.
Jaguars can also be found in the Amazon forests, which are the third largest representatives of the cat family after lions and tigers. They are also found in South America, but people do not allow them to live in peace there. Therefore, most cats prefer to live in the dense forests of the Amazon, where people cannot hunt them quietly. But when the rainforests disappear, the jaguars lose their second habitat. They become defenseless before hunters and can soon become extinct.
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Due to the destruction of the Amazon forests, black caimans can also become extinct. At their core, they are alligators "at maximum speed" because their body length can reach 6 meters and their body weight is often around 500 kilograms. These dangerous predators were already threatened with extinction in the 1970s because they were actively hunted for meat and expensive skin. Fortunately, their population has recovered over time, but now their lives can be at risk.