Ford Mustang Lithium. Why does an electric vehicle need a transmission?


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The image of the roaring American muscular has long been overgrown with a touch of romance and pleasant nostalgia for the golden era of motors, even among those who were not born in the 70s of the last century. Detroit, Compression, Daytona and many other words get the opinion of car enthusiasts from around the world. Even if these words do not tell you anything, you've definitely heard of the Ford Mustang and you're probably imagining a car ready to burst with a womb. That's just in our time, everything is changing and he's also bitten by a vampire in the electric vehicle industry. Although an element of this legend is still eternal!

This is probably the most brutal electric car

One of our former colleagues often told humorous stories, beginning with the words "Few know …". They were a bit anecdotes of their own composition and sounded very funny. I also want to start today's story with these words, but there are no jokes and not everyone knows the following fact.

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1 first electric car
2 electric Mustang
3 gears in an electric car
4 New type of electric car

First electric car

Few people know that the first electric car came on the market in 1828, long before the first full-fledged car with an internal combustion engine came onto the market. Right, to call this electric car modern, the language does not turn. It was just a car powered by an electric motor.

At that time, however, a definition of a vehicle, which is an electric car, was formed. This allows you to separate them from other vehicles.

The term electric vehicle refers to a vehicle that uses electrical energy from a chemical power source to move around the earth and drive a drive wheel.

The first autonomous electric vehicle that can be called modern was an apparatus built in 1899 by a Russian nobleman and engineer-inventor Ippolit Romanov. It was a bus for 17 passengers, with a "cab" built according to the scheme of a traditional driver's cab. The novelty was able to move from 1.6 to 37.4 km / h with one of nine speed options, and every 65 kilometers had to be recharged. Good performance for the penultimate century. This is just the prospect that this transport, as it is today, crashes over the reluctance of investors to invest in too innovative a project.

There was no Soviet Union, but there was already an electric car. The one by Ippolit Romanov

Another success in the industry comes from the same year. At that time, the spherical electric car set a speed record, the first to break the 100 km / h line on land. He reached an unprecedented by then standards value of 106 km / h. The inverse record for the range was set up almost simultaneously by the Borland Electric Company, which traveled 167 km from Chicago to Milwaukee. At the same time, the next day after a full load, the car made the return trip and the average speed on the track was 55 km / h. I want to remind you that it was 1889, more than a hundred years ago.

This thing raced at a speed of 106 km / h. Even scared

There were also cool developments in the twentieth century, but most of them were commercial. There were all kinds of trucks, cars and other special equipment. The beginnings of the move toward modern electric vehicles were made in the early 1980s, when oil prices began to rise and people realized that this would one day end.

In the twenty-first century, everything came to the conclusion that every major manufacturer was following the development of electric vehicles. So far, these steps are cautious, but you can clearly see that new combustion engines are almost not developed. Manufacturers do not want to invest in obsolete technologies and balance on this line. It is not worthy to say that Tesla gave a great boost to a new direction for the entire industry, showing that not only a tourist boat in a nature reserve or a forklift, but also a comfortable modern car could be an electric vehicle.

Electric Mustang

Recently, Ford announced in cooperation with Webasto plans to launch a prototype of the legendary Mustang, but which is electrically powered. The car was to be used as a training ground for researching further developments in this area.

I have only two explanations why this particular car was chosen for such a task. The first is that Mustang, as I said earlier, is a legendary car and the company, after being built on "electric rails", attracts much more attention than it does when experimenting with the same Focus or Mondeo. In terms of image, attention is needed to demonstrate that Ford, which is not as successful as before, is also at the forefront of progress and will soon be at the forefront of the electric vehicle industry.

The classic look of the Mustang of the last years

Secondly, the choice of this car seems to me to be due to the fact that it is roughly halfway between the SUVs, the company's cars and the equally legendary Ford GT. It's just to make the GT immediately that electrics will be such a difficult task, but it's definitely worth a try. In addition, even the Chinese have examples of electric supercars.

The company reveals almost no features of the new electric car, except that it has an 800-volt battery, as in the Porsche Taycan, which was introduced in September this year. Another feature is the engine power in the range of 900 hp, which made the electric version even more powerful than the base gasoline.

Apparently, the company has not reworked the basic concept of the car and decided not to redraw it to put the batteries under the floor, but just to put everything in the empty cavities of the car. For example, under a powerful hood, where a block with the inscription Webasto is installed. Maybe this is how the company wants to try to keep the classic layout of the model as much as possible. If you do not put all but most of the batteries under the bonnet, it is not clear how the car behaves in terms of weight distribution. Finally, batteries weigh a lot. Even more than an internal combustion engine with gearbox. Speaking of box … It's also here. It's just not clear why.

Transmission in an electric car

Explaining the presence of under-the-hood batteries and making an electric Mustang is still possible, and although it sounds like a "steam-powered plane," there are many more questions about the gearbox. Without further explanation, it is very difficult to justify his installation.

There is clearly something under this cover

The fact is that electric motors are known for their ability to work in any speed range. That is, there is virtually no concept for them, such as an increase in power and torque as a function of crankshaft speed. In addition, the electric motor can spin at any speed. He can even move the car at a speed of 1 km / h or less. For vehicles with an internal combustion engine this is not possible because the engine has a minimum speed at which it can operate normally. If the gear ratio does not allow him to hold it while reducing the speed, the clutch must be poisoned. For this we also need a checkpoint.

If you visit our channel in Yandex.Zen, you will not only find interesting news about cars, but also interesting discoveries from the world of science

As a result, the electric motor does not require a transmission to achieve maximum power or to drive away. Why is it needed then? As usual, there are two options.

The first reason is the fact that the company simply decided to do something called "for fun". That is, such old schoolgirls and fans of gasoline engines and mechanics, like me, will receive their dose of pleasure. It's not clear how, but they'll understand. The second option is more realistic and promising.

It is possible that the company wants to experiment with a new version of the electric car, in which the drive is not directly from the engines built into the wheels, but via the transmission, as is currently the case with the combustion engine. This means that there will be an engine and transmission will be via drives. In this case, you will find an explanation for the block under the hood and the presence of the gearbox.

The salon tells us, so to speak: "Look! I am an electric car! "

The block under the cover labeled Webasto in this arrangement is the engine, and the box increases its resource, since you do not have to handle it too much. Accordingly, it will make fewer turns per unit distance and will be better preserved. The transmission with this scheme allows you to shift the gears as you go faster and reduce the engine speed, as in the case of the ICE.

A new kind of electric car

In this case, Ford is facing new discoveries. Just as company founder Henry Ford revolutionized his Ford T, his supporters can now redraw the concept of a modern electric car that is still to come.

Although, to be honest, everything looks dubious. Every electric car has to be economical and environmentally friendly. For this purpose, the arrangement with motors on wheels is best suited because in this case the losses of waves and units are considerably reduced. When using an internal combustion engine this is unavoidable, but for the electric age this is atavism.

Although the company may just be PR or prepare its own base for immediate entry into the electric car market. When the case starts to burn, they can finally make all their cars electric without revising their concept, but simply put a new block under the bonnet. If this is the case, it is really difficult. Whether it is true or not, we will not know now, but soon enough.