The summer of 2019 proved extremely destructive, bringing unprecedented heat to Europe, heavy flooding into the Far East, forest fires to Siberia and the Amazon. According to official data, the area of the burned forests of Siberia is about 1.3 million hectares. At the same time, light fires are still burning in South America, completely changing the Selva ecosystem and adversely affecting the planet's climate. So what happens if there are no more forests on the planet?
What is the cause of forest fires?
The most powerful forest fires swept through the forests of the Amazon and took what used to be called the lung of the planet. In fact, the Amazon rainforest accounts for about 20% of total oxygen production on Earth. The cause of fires is referred to as an anthropogenic factor or, more precisely, as a human influence on the environment. The fact is that Brazilian farmers are still illegally clearing grazing livestock and buildings. Loggers set fire to trees, resulting in an unprecedented fire that conquered the Amazon.
Despite this behavior, the Brazilian government, which accounts for most of the Amazon rainforest, is not engaged in such activities at all. On the contrary, it encourages them.
Also read: A model has been developed that can predict forest fires 20 minutes before a fire
The fact is that the current president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaru, has coincided with the increase in fires in the rainforests. Under his leadership, the government reduced the costs of preventing illegal activity in the forests of South America. The President's opposition believes that such a move will contribute to the illegal deforestation and arson of forests by farmers.
The Brazilian National Space Research Institute, for example, showed unpleasant satellite data showing more than 72,000 fireplaces on a map of forests in South America. The extent of the disaster suggests that the current rainforest area could become a desert in the near future.
What happens when there are no more trees on the planet?
There are currently about 3 trillion trees growing on the planet that provide us with the necessary amount of oxygen, wood and even food. At the same time, it is believed that humans during their existence on the planet managed to clear more than half of the total vegetation that has grown on Earth. If we imagine the remaining trees being felled at the same time, humankind will not die out immediately, as the planet's atmosphere currently has only a small amount of oxygen. For a human to survive, he needs an oxygen concentration in the air of about 17%. Fortunately, the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere is currently 21%. In other words, it must take about 200 years before we consume all the oxygen we need.
Do you think we can stop the scary trend of increasing forest fires? What can we do for it? Let's try to discuss this problem in our telegram chat.
Despite the time it takes to repair everything, the earth will begin to destroy the human immediately after the trees disappear. Floods are becoming more common, resulting in extremely rapid soil erosion, which leads to the death of most plants. The rapid flow of water into rivers will lead to the death of a large number of plants and aquatic animals. Immediately after the floods, there are droughts that lead to a lack of drinking water and a strong reduction in the flora and fauna of the planet. Can you survive without trees? Possibly. But not very long.